South Africa is a country with a hot and arid climate, and is bordered by Zimbabwe, Botswana, Angola, and East Africa. It is one of two countries in Africa to have both Airports and Seaports, the other being Egypt. At 8, South Africa has more research facilities than any other country in Africa.
IG Factbook: "Dutch traders landed in modern day South Africa in 1652. The discovery of diamonds and gold spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants. The Union of South Africa became a republic in 1961 after a whites-only referendum. In 1948, the National, Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races - which favoured the white minority at the expense of the black majority. The African National Congress (ANC) led the opposition to apartheid and many top ANC leaders, such as Nelson Mandela spent decades in South Africa's prisons. Internal protests and insurgency, as well as boycotts by some Western nations and institutions, led to the regime's eventual transition to majority rule. South Africa since then has struggled to address apartheid-era imbalances in decent housing, education, and health care."
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